Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland in the brain. It is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan (tryptophan can also be converted into serotonin and the serotonin converted in to melatonin). Melatonin levels are lowest during midday (and subsequent to sun light exposure), and generation elevates at night (normally , from 2: 00 to 4: 00 AM). In some animals, melatonin is vital for administration of dark or light cycle behaviors like waking and sleeping and sexual maturation. In animals, melatonin looks to aid administrate seasonal behaviors (eg., hibernation, molting and mating), which are connected to daily dark and light cycles. In human beings, melatonin aids administrate the internal clock. The onset of darkness results in an increased generation of melatonin in the brain, while morning light explains the hypothalamus to stop generation melatonin. Levels of melatonin are ten times elevated during the night in contrast with day.
For approximately 20% of the American population, sleep is fitful, restless or much too short. These problems are collectively known as sleep disorders, with insomnia alone affecting as much as 12% of the adult population. Even children can have difficulties in initiating or maintain sleep. As far back as the Elizabethan age, William Shakespeare knew that sleep was important for mental and bodily health. “Sleep that knits up the ravelled sleave of care. The death of each day’s life, sore labour’s bath Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course, Chief nourisher in life’s feast”. Enter the use of a supplement called melatonin for sleep.
Insomnia and sleep-deprivation can take their toll on a person. Not only will people feel tired but they can be less focused and even slip into depression. This is why melatonin is important. Both a natural supplement and a hormone made by the pineal gland, melatonin helps regulate a person’s sleep cycle. This is a chance to really work out a consistent and regular sleep and wake cycle. Sometimes the body does not make enough melatonin or lack of light can call seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Thus melatonin and sleep go hand in hand.